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Nurs Res. 2007 Mar-Apr;56(2):137-43.

Co-bedding twins: how pilot study findings guided improvements in planning a larger multicenter trial.

Author information

1
Dalhousie University School of Nursing, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. kathryn.hayward@dal.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Co-bedding, a developmental care practice for twins and multiples, has been theorized as a strategy to decrease the adverse neurodevelopmental effects that may be associated with hospitalization.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of study design, methods, and the measurement of desired outcomes for the development of a larger multicentered study.

RESULTS:

Study findings were used to estimate effect size, determine staff and bedside care organization, evaluate feasibility of data collection measures, and identify issues related to recruitment and follow-up. Results were incorporated in the development of a larger multicentered trial grant proposal.

DISCUSSION:

Pilot studies can play an important role in the development of a competitive grant proposal and efficient conduct of a research trial. Pilot studies strengthen a proposal by providing essential baseline information. A general overview of the purpose of pilot studies is provided here, along with a description of the process of using findings from a pilot study to inform the development of a larger multisite trial. Findings from this pilot study examining the effects of co-bedding on twins and their parents are used to revise the research protocol for a larger multisite trial. These changes, which lead to improvement to the protocol, and the rational for these changes are highlighted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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