Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chest. 2007 Mar;131(3):690-5.

Tiotropium and simplified detection of dynamic hyperinflation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacy Services, Lakewood Regional Medical Center, Lakewood, CA 90712, USA. afgelb@msn.com

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To detect dynamic hyperinflation (DH) by evaluating reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC) during metronome-paced hyperventilation (MPH) in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD, studied before and after treatment with tiotropium.

METHODS:

IC and FEV(1) were measured before and immediately after MPH at two times resting the respiratory rate for 20 s in 60 COPD patients (28 men; mean age, 66 +/- 10 years [+/- SD]) before and after 30 days of treatment with tiotropium bromide, 18 mug. Patients were encouraged to maintain a constant tidal volume during MPH.

RESULTS:

At baseline, mean FEV(1) was 1.5 +/- 0.1 L (+/- SE) [57 +/- 1.6% of predicted], mean FVC was 2.6 +/- 0.1L (77 +/- 1.8% of predicted), and mean FEV(1)/FVC was 56 +/- 1%. After 180 mug of aerosolized albuterol sulfate, mean FEV(1) was 1.7 +/- 0.1 L (63 +/- 1.5% of predicted) [p < 0.001] and mean FEV(1)/FVC was 58 +/- 1%. Compared to baseline, after 30 days and 1.5 h after tiotropium there was an increase in IC of 0.18 +/- 0.04L (p < 0.0001); FEV(1) of 0.13 +/- 0.03 L (5.6 +/- 0.8% of predicted; p = 0.0002); FVC of 0.22 +/- 0.05 L (6.5 +/- 1.3% of predicted; p < 0.001); and decrease in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV)/total lung capacity (TLC) of - 3.1 +/- 0.6% (p = 0.0001); a decrease in end-inspiratory lung volume (EILV)/TLC of - 2.9 +/- 1.3% (p = 0.03); and no change in TLC (- 0.06 +/- 0.05 L). Results following MPH-induced DH at baseline and after 30 days of tiotropium were similar, with decreases in IC (- 0.35 +/- 0.03 L; p < 0.001); FEV(1) (- 0.05 +/- 0.04 L; p = 0.2); and FVC (- 0.22 +/- 0.03 L; p < 0.0001); no change in TLC; and increases in EELV/TLC (11.8 +/- 1.0% of predicted; p < 0.0001) and EILV/TLC (4.0 +/- 1.3% of predicted, p < 0.003).

CONCLUSION:

In patients with moderate-to-severe COPD, tiotropium did not reduce MPH-induced DH and reduction in IC, compared to baseline. However, because tiotropium induced bronchodilation and increased baseline IC, lower operational lung volumes may blunt the effect of MPH-induced DH. The noninvasive simplicity of MPH-induced DH provides a clinically useful screening surrogate to monitor changes in IC following treatment with tiotropium.

PMID:
17356081
DOI:
10.1378/chest.06-1662
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center