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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Jun;92(6):2248-55. Epub 2007 Mar 13.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma C190S mutation causes partial lipodystrophy.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, P&S Building 10-508, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Mutations in PPARG are associated with insulin resistance and familial partial lipodystrophy, a disease characterized by altered distribution of sc fat and symptoms of the metabolic syndrome. The encoded protein, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma, plays a pivotal role in regulating lipid and glucose metabolism, the differentiation of adipocytes, and other cellular regulatory processes.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of the study was to detect a novel PPARG mutation in a kindred with partial lipodystrophy and analyze the functional characteristics of the mutant protein.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In three subjects with partial lipodystrophy, one unaffected family member, and 124 unaffected subjects, PPARG was screened for mutations by direct sequencing. Body composition, laboratory abnormalities, and hepatic steatosis were assessed in each affected subject. Transcriptional activity was determined, and EMSA was performed to investigate DNA binding capacity of the mutant protein.

RESULTS:

We identified a PPARG mutation, C190S, causing partial lipodystrophy with metabolic alterations in three affected family members. The mutation was absent in the unaffected family member and unaffected controls. The mutation is located within zinc-finger 2 of the DNA binding domain. C190S PPARgamma has a significantly lower ability to activate a reporter gene than wild-type PPARgamma in absence and presence of rosiglitazone. A dominant-negative effect was not observed. Compared with wild-type PPARgamma, C190S PPARgamma shows a reduced capacity to bind DNA.

CONCLUSION:

Mutation of a zinc-binding amino acid of PPARgamma leads to an altered protein-DNA binding pattern, resulting in a partial loss of function, which in turn is associated with partial lipodystrophy.

PMID:
17356052
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2005-2624
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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