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Dent Traumatol. 2007 Jun;23(3):155-57.

Dento-alveolar and maxillofacial injuries - a retrospective study from a level 1 trauma center in Israel.

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1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel. linsh@post.tau.ac.il

Abstract

To evaluate the frequency and causes of dental and maxillofacial trauma in hospitalized patients. From January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2003, data from hospitalized trauma patients in a level 1 trauma center in Israel were analyzed according to age, gender, time, place, and cause of injury. Maxillofacial and tooth injuries were separated and further analyzed according to the above parameters. The analysis was based on data from the Israel Trauma Registry (ITR). Of all 14 040 trauma patients, 1038 (7.4%) involved maxillofacial or dental injuries. Common causes of injury were motor vehicle crashes (41%), falls (27%) and intentional injuries (23%). Fifty percent occurred on the street/road, 17% at home and 14% in public buildings. Surgery was required in 55.5% of all maxillofacial injuries. Males were hospitalized three times more than females, and young people, ages 19-28, were at greatest risk (30.2%). Oral and maxillofacial trauma is common, requiring dental health training for primary caregivers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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