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J Cell Biol. 2007 Mar 12;176(6):749-55.

Chromosome breakage after G2 checkpoint release.

Author information

1
Fachrichtung Biophysik, Universität des Saarlandes, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany.

Abstract

DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and checkpoint control represent distinct mechanisms to reduce chromosomal instability. Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) cells have checkpoint arrest and DSB repair defects. We examine the efficiency and interplay of ATM's G2 checkpoint and repair functions. Artemis cells manifest a repair defect identical and epistatic to A-T but show proficient checkpoint responses. Only a few G2 cells enter mitosis within 4 h after irradiation with 1 Gy but manifest multiple chromosome breaks. Most checkpoint-proficient cells arrest at the G2/M checkpoint, with the length of arrest being dependent on the repair capacity. Strikingly, cells released from checkpoint arrest display one to two chromosome breaks. This represents a major contribution to chromosome breakage. The presence of chromosome breaks in cells released from checkpoint arrest suggests that release occurs before the completion of DSB repair. Strikingly, we show that checkpoint release occurs at a point when approximately three to four premature chromosome condensation breaks and approximately 20 gammaH2AX foci remain.

PMID:
17353355
PMCID:
PMC2064048
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.200612047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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