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World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Feb 14;13(6):916-20.

Self-expandable metallic stents for palliation of patients with malignant gastric outlet obstruction caused by stomach cancer.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University College of Medicine, 1-10 Ami-dong, Soe-gu, Busan 602-739, Korea.

Abstract

AIM:

To ascertain clinical outcome and complications of self-expandable metal stents for endoscopic palliation of patients with malignant obstruction of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

METHODS:

A retrospective review was performed throughout August 2000 to June 2005 of 53 patients with gastric outlet obstruction caused by stomach cancer. All patients had symptomatic obstruction including nausea, vomiting, and decreased oral intake. All received self-expandable metallic stents.

RESULTS:

Stent implantation was successful in all 53 (100%) patients. Relief of obstructive symptoms was achieved in 43 (81.1%) patients. No immediate stent-related complications were noted. Seventeen patients had recurrent obstruction (tumor ingrowth in 14 patients, tumor overgrowth in 1 patient, and partial distal stent migration in 2 patients). The mean survival was 145 d. Median stent patency time was 187 d.

CONCLUSION:

Endoscopic placement of self-expandable metallic stents is a safe and effective treatment for the palliation of patients with inoperable malignant gastric outlet obstruction caused by stomach cancer.

PMID:
17352023
PMCID:
PMC4065929
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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