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Clin Exp Immunol. 1992 Feb;87(2):322-8.

Involvement of HLA class II molecules in acquisition of staphylococcal enterotoxin A-binding activity and accessory cell activity in activation of human T cells by related toxins in vascular endothelial cells.

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Department of Microbiology, Tokyo Women's Medical College, Japan.


Human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) express HLA class II molecules upon stimulation with recombinant human interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) A (SEA)-binding assay using [125I]-SEA showed the presence of specific SEA binding in HUVEC stimulated with IFN-gamma but not in unstimulated HUVEC. Levels of HLA class II expression and SEA-binding increased as the IFN-gamma concentration and the period of stimulation were increased. Binding of [125I]-SEA to the IFN-gamma-stimulated HUVEC was reduced markedly by an anti-DR/DP MoAb. T cells produced IL-2 upon stimulation with a group of SEs (SEA, SEB, SEC, SED and SEE) in the presence HUVEC stimulated with IFN-gamma but not in the presence of control HUVEC. The level of accessory cell activity in the IFN-gamma-stimulated HUVEC was related to the level of HLA class II expression and SEA-binding activity. Antibodies to HLA class II molecules almost completely inhibited the response. These results indicate that HLA class II molecules are directly involved in the acquisition of these activities in HUVEC.

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