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J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol. 2007 Apr 1;307(4):220-5.

Fertile triploid males: an uncommon case among hybrid vertebrates.

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Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Unidade de Investigação em Eco-Etologia, Lisboa, Portugal.


The endemic Iberian minnow Squalius alburnoides is a complex of fishes of hybrid origin including both males and females with distinct ploidy levels and varying proportions of the parental genomes. In this paper we demonstrated that in contrast to many vertebrate hybrid lineages the sperm of triploid hybrid males of S. alburnoides is viable and fully functional. Flow cytometry and analysis of sequences of a fragment of the beta-actin nuclear gene applied to progenitors and offspring evidenced that these males produced their sperm clonally, as already described for diploid hybrids. The presence of different types of fertile males (nonhybrid diploids with normal meiosis and both diploid and triploid hybrids) coupled with hybridogenetic meiosis in females endows this vertebrate complex with a high level of independence from other species and contributes to maintain its genetic variability.

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