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J Neurochem. 2007 Mar;100(6):1480-93.

IGF-I-induced oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation requires PI3K/Akt, MEK/ERK, and Src-like tyrosine kinases.

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1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is required for the growth of oligodendrocytes, although the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Our aim was to investigate the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK1), and Src family tyrosine kinases in IGF-I-stimulated proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitors. IGF-I treatment increased the proliferation of cultured oligodendrocyte progenitors as determined by measuring incorporation of [(3)H]-thymidine and bromodeoxy-uridine (BrdU). IGF-I stimulated a transient phosphorylation of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) (targets of MEK1), as well as a rapid and sustained activation of Akt (a target of PI3K). Furthermore, inhibitors of PI3K (LY294002 and Wortmannin), MEK1 (PD98059 and U0126), and Src family tyrosine kinases (PP2) decreased IGF-I-induced proliferation, and blocked ERK1/2 activation. LY294002, Wortmannin and PP2 also blocked Akt activation. To further determine whether Akt is required for IGF-I stimulated oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation, cultures were infected with adenovirus vectors expressing dominant-negative mutants of Akt or treated with pharmacological inhibitors of Akt. All treatments reduced IGF-I-induced oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation. Our data indicate that stimulation of oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation by IGF-I requires Src-like tyrosine kinases as well as the PI3K/Akt and MEK1/ERK signaling pathways.

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