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J Inherit Metab Dis. 2007 Apr;30(2):165-74. Epub 2007 Mar 8.

International Morquio A Registry: clinical manifestation and natural course of Morquio A disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University, Pediatric Research Institute, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.


Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A disease) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. The natural history of this disease is incompletely understood. To study which variables influence the clinical outcome, we conducted a study in which MPS IVA patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire with inquiries regarding family history, diagnosis, signs and symptoms, height, weight, surgical history, physical activity, and general complaints. A total of 326 patients (172 male, 154 female) from 42 countries enrolled in the Morquio A Registry programme. The mean age of patients enrolled was 14.9 years for males and 19.1 years for females, with a wide range of 1-73 years. Sixty-four per cent of the patients were under 18 years. Initial symptoms were recognized between 1 and 3 years of age (mean age 2.1 years) and mean age at diagnosis for the patients was 4.7 years. A progressive skeletal dysplasia was commonly observed among the MPS IVA patients. Fifty per cent of patients underwent surgical operations to improve their quality of life. The most frequent surgical sites include neck (51%), ear (33%), leg (26%) and hip (25%). The birth length for affected males and females was 52.2 +/- 4.7 cm and 52.2 +/- 4.5 cm, respectively. The final adult height for affected males and females was 122.5 +/- 22.5 cm and 116.5 +/- 20.5 cm, respectively. The results of this study provide a reference for assessment of efficacy for studies of novel therapies.

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