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J Mol Model. 2007 Jul;13(6-7):861-4. Epub 2007 Mar 9.

Interaction of copper organometallic precursors with barrier layers of Ti, Ta and W and their nitrides: a first-principles molecular dynamics study.

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1
Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona-CSIC, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Processes for the deposition of copper films on transition metal barrier layers by means CVD using organometallic precursors are often found to lead to poor adhesion characteristics of the grown film. By means of first-principles molecular dynamics simulations, we show that the source of the problem is the strong reactivity of the surfaces toward the precursors, which decompose spontaneously upon contact with the surface leading to contamination of the interface. Our simulations consider Ti, Ta, and W as barrier layers, and Cu(hfac)-(tmvs) as precursor. In contrast, we show that surfaces of these metals properly passivated with nitrogen, in such a way that only N atoms are exposed on the surface, are much less active and do not lead to decomposition of the precursor. We propose this passivation procedure as a practical solution to the adhesion problem.

PMID:
17347825
DOI:
10.1007/s00894-007-0187-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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