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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Dec;1094:272-7.

Emotional resilience in early childhood: developmental antecedents and relations to behavior problems.

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University of Pittsburg, Western Psychiatric, Detre Hall/Room E718, Pittsbrug, PA 15213, USA.


To test whether the development of emotional resilience is a function of sensitive caregiving and child negative affect, we tested the joint contributions of 7-month maternal sensitivity and infant negative affect to the prediction of 33-month emotional resilience across the first 3 years of life. The aims of this study were to examine whether maternal sensitivity and infant negative affect predict long-term emotional resilience and whether this was associated with preschool behavior problems. Using a sample of 181 mother-infant dyads, we found that (a) maternal sensitivity at 7 months, but not infant negative affect, longitudinally predicted emotional resilience during preschool and (b) emotional resilience was negatively associated with anxiety/depression in preschool.

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