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FEBS Lett. 2007 Mar 20;581(6):1202-8. Epub 2007 Mar 1.

NADPH oxidase 5 (NOX5) interacts with and is regulated by calmodulin.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Geneva, Geneva 4, Switzerland.


Superoxide generation by NADPH oxidase 5 (NOX5) is regulated by Ca(2+) through intramolecular activation of the C-terminal catalytic domain by the EF-hand-containing N-terminal regulatory domain. The C terminus contains a consensus calmodulin-binding domain (CaMBD), which, however, is not the binding site of the N-terminal regulatory domain. Here we show by pull down, cross-linking, fluorimetry and by enzymatic assays, that calmodulin binds to this CaMBD in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner, changes its conformation and increases the Ca(2+) sensitivity of the N terminus-regulated enzymatic activity. This mechanism represents an additional sophistication in the regulation of superoxide production by NOX5.

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