Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2005 Nov-Dec;68(6):753-6.

[Ocular manifestations in patients who had malnutrition in the first six months of life].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

1
Fundação Altino Ventura, Rua da Soledade 170, CEP 50070-040 Recife, PE. fav@fundacaoaltinoventura.org.br

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate possible ophthalmologic alterations in patients who had severe malnutrition during the first six months of life.

METHODS:

182 eyes of 91, 2 to 11-year-old, children who had had severe malnutrition during the first six months of life (study group) were analyzed. As a control group 88 children selected according to similar characteristics of age, gender, demographic and economic conditions were included.

RESULTS:

In the study group, a higher frequency of children with visual acuity from 0.3 to 0.1 and less than 0.1 (11.5% versus 0.7% - p< 0.0001) was observed. There was a higher frequency of astigmatism and myopia in the study group. A higher frequency of astigmatism of one diopter or more in the study group (p< 0.0001) was also observed. The fundoscopic alterations were pale optic nerve (2.2%), increased disc cup (4.4%), increased vascular tortuosity (6.6%), alteration of retina color (13.2%) and retinal pigment epithelium cell atrophy (12.0%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present data support the concept that early malnutrition interferes in the individual's visual health. Further studies are necessary to establish a more precise cause-effect relationship.

PMID:
17344975
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Scientific Electronic Library Online
Loading ...
Support Center