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Genes Dev. 2007 Mar 1;21(5):525-30.

The Polycomb group proteins bind throughout the INK4A-ARF locus and are disassociated in senescent cells.

Author information

1
Centre for Epigenetics, Biotech Research and Innovation Centre (BRIC), University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 2200, Denmark. adrian.bracken@bric.dk

Abstract

The p16INK4A and p14ARF proteins, encoded by the INK4A-ARF locus, are key regulators of cellular senescence, yet the mechanisms triggering their up-regulation are not well understood. Here, we show that the ability of the oncogene BMI1 to repress the INK4A-ARF locus requires its direct association and is dependent on the continued presence of the EZH2-containing Polycomb-Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) complex. Significantly, EZH2 is down-regulated in stressed and senescing populations of cells, coinciding with decreased levels of associated H3K27me3, displacement of BMI1, and activation of transcription. These results provide a model for how the INK4A-ARF locus is activated and how Polycombs contribute to cancer.

PMID:
17344414
PMCID:
PMC1820894
DOI:
10.1101/gad.415507
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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