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Artif Organs. 2007 Mar;31(3):215-20.

A new minimized perfusion circuit provides highly effective ultrasound controlled deairing.

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1
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Klinikum Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany. ingo.kutschka@t-online.de

Abstract

Minimized perfusion circuits (MPCs) have been criticized for insufficient air elimination. The deairing capabilities of a new MPC, including an ultrasound controlled deairing unit, were compared to a standard extracorporeal circuit (ECC) in a laboratory setup. During blood flow of 4.0l/min, we injected 30-cc air over a period of 30 s into the venous line of both systems (n = 10 measurements/15-min intervals). Air was detected during the first 2 min post injection using a dual-channel ultrasound bubble counter. Venous air bubble measurements were made after the MPC bubble trap and the ECC hard-shell reservoir, respectively. Arterial air bubble data were obtained after the arterial filters (40 microm). Venous bubble count was significantly (P < 0.01) reduced in the MPC group (5-250 microm, 681 +/- 177; >40 microm, 288 +/- 92) compared with the ECC group (5-250 microm, 19 272 +/- 682; >40 microm, 7642 +/- 520). After the arterial filter, minimal numbers of air bubbles (5-250 microm, 172 +/- 59; >40 microm, 0) could be detected in the MPC group, but large amounts of air (5-250 microm, 16 194 +/- 1072; >40 microm, 3732 +/- 997) were measured in the ECC group. The air elimination of the modern MPC is superior to conventional ECC, which may result in a reduction of neurological complications.

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