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Dig Dis Sci. 2007 Apr;52(4):960-6. Epub 2007 Mar 7.

Analysis of the 3' variable region of the cagA gene of Helicobacter pylori isolated in Koreans.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


CagA protein of Helicobacter pylori is injected into epithelial cells, and it undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation, resulting in inducing cytoskeletal rearrangements. A few studies have suggested that the number of CagA tyrosine phosphorylation motifs (EPIYA) and subtypes of CagA were associated with gastric cancer. This study was performed to characterize the 3' variable regions of the cagA gene of H. pylori and to investigate whether or not there is any relationship between the diversities of cagA and the disease outcome in Korea. Seventy-nine patients (chronic gastritis, 15; duodenal ulcer, 27; benign gastric ulcer, 18; gastric cancer, 19) were enrolled. Biopsy specimens were taken from the antrum for H. pylori culture, and genomic DNA was extracted. PCR and DNA sequence analysis was carried out for the 3' variable region of the cagA gene. Seventy-eight strains (98.8%) contained three EPIYA motifs and one strain (1.2%) isolated from a patient with duodenal ulcer contained four EPIYA motifs. Seventy-six strains (96.2%) were the East Asian type. In conclusion, there was no significant difference between the number of EPIYA motifs or CagA subtypes and various gastroduodenal diseases in Korea.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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