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J Law Med Ethics. 2007 Spring;35(1):35-60.

Are dietary intakes and eating behaviors related to childhood obesity? A comprehensive review of the evidence.

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Department of Pediatrics and Public Health, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.


The purpose of this article is to comprehensively review studies that have examined the relation between diet and childhood obesity. The review specifically considers the roles of total energy intake and energy density; dietary composition; individual foods, food groups, and dietary patterns; beverage consumption; and eating behaviors. The paper also discusses methodological considerations and future research directions and concludes by summarizing the evidence presented and highlighting the ethical issues surrounding providing dietary advice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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