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Am J Psychother. 2006;60(4):335-55.

Trauma-focused, present-centered, emotional self-regulation approach to integrated treatment for posttraumatic stress and addiction: trauma adaptive recovery group education and therapy (TARGET).

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University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, MC1410, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Ave., Farmington, CT 06030, USA.


We describe the rationale and procedures for a trauma-focused, present-centered, emotion self-regulation modelfor concurrent treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders: Trauma Adaptive Recovery Group Education and Therapy (TARGET). Based on a review of the clinical and research literatures relevant to models of psychotherapy for co-occurring PTSD and addiction, we develop a conceptual model and describe a skill set that has been operationalized in TARGET. Clinical vignettes with challenging cases are provided to illustrate the application of the TARGET model in individual and group psychotherapy of co-occurring PTSD and addiction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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