Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2007 Feb;4(1):3-9.

APOBEC3G and HIV-1: strike and counterstrike.

Abstract

APOBEC3G (A3G), a deoxycytidine deaminase, is a powerful host antiretroviral factor that can restrict HIV-1 infection. This restriction is counteracted by the HIV-1 virion infectivity factor (Vif) protein, whose activity culminates in depletion of A3G from infected cells. In the absence of Vif, viruses encapsidate A3G, which acts in part to mutate viral DNA formed during reverse transcription upon subsequent infection of a new cell. Cellular A3G also functions as a post-entry restriction factor for HIV in resting CD4 T cells, where it resides in a low molecular mass form. Unfortunately, this barrier is forfeited when CD4 T cells are activated because A3G is recruited into inactive high molecular mass ribonucleoprotein complexes. In addition to restricting HIV, A3G and related deaminases may counter other retroviruses and protect the cell from endogenous mobile retroelements. Understanding A3G complex assembly and its interplay with HIV Vif may make possible future development of a new class of HIV therapeutic agents.

Republished from

PMID:
17338854
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center