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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 Apr;42(4):835-41. Epub 2007 Jan 24.

Rational design of a selective antagonist of epsilon protein kinase C derived from the selective allosteric agonist, pseudo-RACK peptide.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5332, USA.

Abstract

We have previously shown that domains involved in binding of protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes to their respective anchoring proteins (RACKs) and short peptides derived from these domains are PKC isozyme-selective antagonists. We also identified PKC isozyme-selective agonists, named psiRACK peptides, derived from a sequence within each PKC with high homology to its respective RACK. We noted that all the psiRACK sequences within each PKC isozyme have at least one non-homologous amino acid difference from their corresponding RACK that constitutes a charge change. Based on this information, we have devised here a new approach to design an isozyme-selective PKC antagonist, derived from the psiRACK sequence. We focused on epsilonPKC psiRACK peptide, where the pseudo-epsilonRACK sequence (psiepsilonRACK; HDAPIGYD; corresponding to epsilonPKC85-92) is different in charge from the homologous RACK-derived sequence (NNVALGYD; corresponding to epsilonRACK285-292) in the second amino acid. Here we show that changing the charge of the psiepsilonRACK peptide through a substitution of only one amino acid (aspartate to asparagine) resulted in a peptide with an opposite activity on the same cell function and a substitution for aspartate with an alanine resulted in an inactive peptide. These data support our hypothesis regarding the mechanism by which pseudo-RACK peptide activates PKC in heart cells and suggest that this approach is applicable to other signaling proteins with inducible protein-protein interactions.

PMID:
17337000
PMCID:
PMC1978508
DOI:
10.1016/j.yjmcc.2007.01.007
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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