Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Chem. 1992 Jan;38(1):56-9.

Biological variation data applied to the selection of serum lipid ratios used as risk markers of coronary heart disease.

Author information

Servei de Bioquímica Clínica, Hospital Prínceps d'Espanya, Barcelona, Spain.


The biological variation of several relative lipid quantities, calculated as the ratios between the concentrations of various serum lipids and apolipoproteins, has been estimated over a one-year period. The medians of the within-subject biological coefficient of variation, separated by sex when significant differences exist, were 15.4% for [apolipoprotein A-I]/[apolipoprotein B], 6.8% for [high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol]/[cholesterol], 10.5% and 17.6% (women and men, respectively) for [HDL2-cholesterol]/[HDL-cholesterol], 13.6% for [HDL2-cholesterol]/[HDL3-cholesterol], 10.6% for [low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol]/[apolipoprotein B], 10.6% and 8.7% (women and men, respectively) for [LDL-cholesterol]/[cholesterol], and 6.3% for [LDL-cholesterol]/[HDL-cholesterol]. From these data, we have calculated the critical difference for significant change detection, the index of individuality, and the goal for the between-day imprecision. Concerning within-subject biological variation, the best ratios for the detection of risk of coronary heart disease and the monitoring of intervention are [LDL-cholesterol]/[HDL-cholesterol] and [HDL-cholesterol]/[cholesterol]. The index of individuality obtained in this study indicates that the use of population-based reference values is inadequate for interpreting the ratios studied.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center