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Med Mal Infect. 2007 May;37(5):253-61. Epub 2007 Mar 1.

[Adverse effects of antitubercular drugs: epidemiology, mechanisms, and patient management].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Laboratoire de pharmacologie, faculté de médecine, 5019 Monastir, Tunisie.

Abstract

Tuberculosis, what ever its localization, is an infectious disease which can be totally cured by combining antitubercular drugs. Current therapeutic regimens with isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, and streptomycin have proved successful in treating tuberculosis. However, they are associated to a high rate of adverse effects that can lead to therapeutic failure. Understanding the nature and the severity of these adverse effects allows for their appropriate management. Toxic neuropathy and hepatitis are the most common adverse reactions to isoniazid. Rifampicin is generally well tolerated but some severe immuno-allergic reactions may occur in case of intermittent regimen. Pyrazinamide-induced liver injury is rare but sometimes lethal. Joint affections, usually due to hyperuricemia, are more frequent but easily manageable. The major adverse effect related to ethambutol is ocular optic neuropathy. It occurs dose-dependently and can be irreversible. Finally, administration of streptomycin is potentially associated with renal and cochleo-vestibular toxicity that might be milder than when induced by other aminoglycosides. The management of antituberculosis-induced adverse effects depends on parameters related to the adverse effect itself and to the administrated drug.

PMID:
17336011
DOI:
10.1016/j.medmal.2006.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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