Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Microbiol. 2007 Jul;188(1):15-25. Epub 2007 Feb 28.

Diversity of Microcystis aeruginosa isolates (Chroococcales, Cyanobacteria) from East-African water bodies.

Author information

1
Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Gaustadalléen 21, 0349 Oslo, Norway. sigrid.haande@niva.no

Abstract

With exception of South Africa, very little is known about the presence and abundance of toxic cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial blooms on the African continent. The close proximity between society and nature, and the use of the sparse water resources as drinking water in large parts of Africa, lead to the recognition that more knowledge on toxic cyanobacterial blooms is of major importance. The bloom forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa is known to produce cyclic heptatoxins (microcystins) which can be toxic to humans. In this study the morphological, genetic, and chemical characters of 24 strains of M. aeruginosa from several water bodies in Kenya and Uganda, some of them used as drinking water sources, were examined. The M. aeruginosa strains possessed different levels of diversity depending on characterisation method. Four morphotypes were identified based on the traditional morphological approach, 10 genotypes by DNA sequence comparison of the PC-IGS and ITS1 rDNA regions, and 10 chemotypes based on MALDI-TOF-MS oligopeptide analysis. Only 4 of the 24 isolated strains from East Africa were found to produce microcystins, while oligopeptides belonging to the aeruginosin and cyanopeptolin class were detected in most strains.

PMID:
17333126
DOI:
10.1007/s00203-007-0219-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center