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J Clin Invest. 2007 Mar;117(3):576-86.

Fibrosis and diseases of the eye.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, and Division of Ophthalmology, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. friedlan@scripps.edu

Abstract

Most diseases that cause catastrophic loss of vision do so as a result of abnormal angiogenesis and wound healing, often in response to tissue ischemia or inflammation. Disruption of the highly ordered tissue architecture in the eye caused by vascular leakage, hemorrhage, and concomitant fibrosis can lead to mechanical disruption of the visual axis and/or biological malfunctioning. An increased understanding of inflammation, wound healing, and angiogenesis has led to the development of drugs effective in modulating these biological processes and, in certain circumstances, the preservation of vision. Unfortunately, such pharmacological interventions often are too little, too late, and progression of vision loss frequently occurs. The recent development of progenitor and/or stem cell technologies holds promise for the treatment of currently incurable ocular diseases.

PMID:
17332885
PMCID:
PMC1804382
DOI:
10.1172/JCI31030
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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