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J Endocrinol. 2007 Mar;192(3):527-37.

Effects of genistein, resveratrol, and quercetin on steroidogenesis and proliferation of MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cells.

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Medical and Research Services, WJB Dorn Veterans Medical Center, Columbia, South Carolina 29201, USA.


This study was performed to compare the effects of three well-known phytoestrogens such as genistein, resveratrol, and quercetin on steroidogenesis in MA-10 mouse tumor Leydig cells. Addition of genistein or resveratrol to MA-10 cells resulted in decreases in the cAMP-stimulated progesterone secretion, but quercetin had an opposite response. Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) mRNA expression and StAR promoter activity in transiently transfected MA-10 cells were significantly reduced by genistein or resveratrol, but increased by quercetin. Genistein was found to inhibit MA-10 cell proliferation, while resveratrol and quercetin had no effect. Quercetin-induced increase in cAMP-stimulated progesterone secretion was reversed by ICI 182,780, an estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist. However, ICI 182,780 had no effect on cAMP plus quercetin-stimulated StAR promoter activity. To examine whether non-ER factors are associated with quercetin-stimulated progesterone production, we treated MA-10 cells with EGTA to deprive them of extracellular Ca(2+). We found that EGTA inhibited quercetin-plus cAMP-stimulated progesterone secretion and StAR promoter activity. Blocking of Ca(2+) influx through L- or T-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels with verapamil or mibefradil respectively, attenuated quercetin-stimulated progesterone secretion, while they had no effect on quercetin-plus cAMP-stimulated StAR promoter activity. Blocking of intracellular Ca(2+) efflux by sodium orthovanadate, a Ca(2+)-pump inhibitor, blocked quercetin- plus cAMP-stimulated progesterone secretion and StAR promoter activity in MA-10 cells. Finally, EGTA or vanadate reduced quercetin and cAMP-increased in StAR mRNA expression in MA-10 cells, while ICI 182,780 had no effect. Taken together, these results indicate that phytoestrogens have differential effects on steroidogenesis in MA-10 cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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