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Glia. 2007 May;55(7):698-711.

Prominent oligodendrocyte genesis along the border of spinal contusion lesions.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Center for Brain and Spinal Cord Repair, Ohio State University, 333 W. 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Abstract

Oligodendrocyte (OL) loss and axon demyelination occur after spinal cord injury (SCI). OLs may be replaced, however, by proliferating NG2+ progenitor cells. Indeed, new OLs have been noted in ventral white matter after SCI. Since tissue adjacent to lesion cavities is exposed to different mediators compared with outlying spared tissue, the authors used a rat SCI model to compare NG2 cell proliferation and OL genesis adjacent to lesion cavities with that in spared tissue closer to meninges. NG2 cells proliferated throughout the first week postinjury and accumulated along lesion borders, especially within gray matter. By 3 days postinjury (dpi), new OLs were detected throughout the cross-sections; between 4 and 7 dpi, however, oligogenesis was restricted to lesion borders. New OLs derived from cells proliferating during 1-7 dpi increased dramatically by 14 dpi; most were located along lesion borders and in spared gray matter. Oligogenesis continued along lesion borders during the second week postinjury. Overall OL numbers were reduced at 3 dpi in spared tissue, but rebounded to normal levels by 14 dpi. Surprisingly, lesion borders maintained normal OL numbers at 3 dpi, which then rose to exceed preinjury levels at 7 and 14 dpi. These results indicate that oligogenesis is protracted after SCI and leads to increased OL numbers. Most new OLs are formed in regions of greatest NG2 cell proliferation. Thus, the adult spinal cord spontaneously develops a dynamic gliogenic zone along lesion borders.

PMID:
17330874
DOI:
10.1002/glia.20491
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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