Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Pharmacol. 2007 May 15;73(10):1646-56. Epub 2007 Jan 25.

Novel agonistic action of mustard oil on recombinant and endogenous porcine transient receptor potential V1 (pTRPV1) channels.

Author information

Laboratory of Pharmacology, Department of Biochemical Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Neurogenic components play a crucial role in inflammation and nociception. Mustard oil (MO) is a pungent plant extract from mustard seed, horseradish and wasabi, the main constituent of which is allylisothiocyanate. We have characterized the action of MO on transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1), a key receptor of signal transduction pathways in the nociceptive system, using fura-2-based [Ca(2+)](i) imaging and the patch-clamp technique in a heterologous expression system and sensory neurons. In human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells expressing porcine TRPV1 (pTRPV1), MO evoked increases of [Ca(2+)](i) in a concentration-dependent manner. A high concentration of MO elicited irreversible cell swelling. Capsazepine, ruthenium red and iodoresiniferatoxin dose-dependently suppressed the MO-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase. MO elicited outward rectified currents in pTRPV1-expressing HEK 293 cells with a reversal potential similar to that of capsaicin. [Ca(2+)](i) responses to MO were completely abolished by the removal of external Ca(2+). MO simultaneously elicited an inward current and increase of [Ca(2+)](i) in the same cells, indicating that MO promoted Ca(2+) influx through TRPV1 channels. In cultured porcine dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, MO elicited a [Ca(2+)](i) increase and inward current. Among DRG neurons responding to MO, 85% were also sensitive to capsaicin. The present data indicate that MO is a novel agonist of TRPV1 channels, and suggest that the action of MO in vivo may be partly mediated via TRPV1. These results provide an insight into the TRPV1-mediated effects of MO on inflammation and hyperalgesia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center