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Biomacromolecules. 2007 Apr;8(4):1116-23. Epub 2007 Feb 28.

Coating electrospun collagen and gelatin fibers with perlecan domain I for increased growth factor binding.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA.


Electrospun natural polymer membranes were fabricated from collagen or gelatin coated with a bioactive recombinant fragment of perlecan, a natural heparan sulfate proteoglycan. The electrospinning process allowed the facile processing of a three-dimensional, porous fibril (2-6 microm in diameter) matrix suitable for tissue engineering. Laser scanning confocal microscopy revealed that osteoblast-like MG63 cells infiltrated the depth of the electrospun membrane evenly without visible apoptosis. Tissue engineering scaffolds ideally mimic the extracellular matrix; therefore, the electrospun membrane must contain both structural and functional matrix features. Fibers were coated, after processing, with perlecan domain I (PlnDI) to improve binding of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), which binds to native heparan sulfate chains on PlnDI. PlnDI-coated electrospun collagen fibers were ten times more effective than heparin-BSA collagen fibers at binding FGF-2. Because FGF-2 modulates cell growth, differentiation, migration and survival, the ability to effectively bind FGF-2 to an electrospun matrix is a key improvement in creating a successful tissue engineering scaffold.

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