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J Abnorm Psychol. 2007 Feb;116(1):198-207.

Reciprocal relations between rumination and bulimic, substance abuse, and depressive symptoms in female adolescents.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. Susan.Nolen-Hoeksema@yale.edu

Abstract

The authors examined the reciprocal relations between rumination and symptoms of depression, bulimia, and substance abuse with longitudinal data from 496 female adolescents. Rumination predicted future increases in bulimic and substance abuse symptoms, as well as onset of major depression, binge eating, and substance abuse. Depressive and bulimic, but not substance abuse, symptoms predicted increases in rumination. Rumination did not predict increases in externalizing symptoms, providing evidence for the specificity of effects of rumination, although externalizing symptoms predicted future increases in rumination. Results suggest rumination may contribute to the etiology of depressive, bulimic, and substance abuse pathology and that the former two disturbances may foster increased rumination. Results imply that it might be beneficial for prevention programs to target this cognitive vulnerability.

PMID:
17324030
DOI:
10.1037/0021-843X.116.1.198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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