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Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2006;2(4):491-8.

Assessment of cognitive function in patients with essential hypertension treated with lercanidipine.

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1
Fundación para la Investigación de la Hipertensión Arterial, Zaragoza, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this longitudinal, open-label, comparative, multicenter study was to assess cognitive function in hypertensive patients receiving mid-term treatment with lercanidipine.

METHODS:

Hypertensive patients aged 40 years or older were treated with lercanidipine (10 mg daily) after 7-10 days washout period. The duration of the study was 6 months. Blood pressure (BP) was measured every 4 weeks (JNC 6th report). In patients with inadequate BP control, doxazosin was added and up-titrated. At baseline and after 6 months of treatment, cognitive function was evaluated using the Spanish validated version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Trail Making Test (TMT).

RESULTS:

In the study population of 467 patients, BP decreased from 154.4/95.3 mmHg at baseline to 134.8/80.7 mmHg at 6 months. At the end of the study, 98% of patients were receiving lercanidipine, 20% an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, and 6% doxazosin. Adequate BP control was obtained in 68% of patients. The mean (standard deviation) MMSE scores improved from 32.35 (2.59) to 33.25 (2.36) (p < 0.0001). Patients with good BP control scored significantly better than those with inadequate BP control (p < 0.05), which was already observed at the first month.

CONCLUSIONS:

The third-generation calcium channel antagonist, lercanidipine, improved cognitive function after 6 months of treatment especially in patients with good BP control, suggesting that improvements in cognitive function may be associated with a decrease in BP.

PMID:
17323604
PMCID:
PMC1994004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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