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Am J Pathol. 2007 Mar;170(3):1054-63.

Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) inhibits integrin-mediated adhesion and growth factor-dependent survival signaling in ovarian cancer.

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  • 1Vascular Biology Center, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.


The matricellular glycoprotein SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine) has been accorded major roles in regulation of cell adhesion and proliferation, as well as tumorigenesis and metastasis. We have recently reported that in addition to its potent antiproliferative and proapoptotic functions, SPARC also abrogates ovarian carcinoma cell adhesion, a key step in peritoneal implantation. However, the underlying molecular mechanism through which SPARC ameliorates peritoneal ovarian carcinomatosis seems to be multifaceted and has yet to be delineated. Herein, we show that SPARC significantly inhibited integrin-mediated ovarian cancer cell adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins, as well as to peritoneal mesothelial cells. This counteradhesive effect of SPARC was shown to be mediated in part through significant attenuation of cell surface expression and clustering of alpha(v)-integrin subunit, alpha(v)beta(3)- and alpha(v)beta(5)-heterodimers, and beta(1)-subunit, albeit to a lesser extent, in ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, SPARC significantly suppressed both anchorage-dependent and -independent activation of AKT and mitogen-acti-vated protein kinase survival signaling pathways in ovarian cancer cells in response to serum and epidermal growth factor stimulation. In summary, we have identified a novel role of SPARC as a negative regulator of both integrin-mediated adhesion and growth factor-stimulated survival signaling pathways in ovarian cancer.

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