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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2007 May;35(1):1-13. Epub 2007 Jan 26.

Mutations in the SPG3A gene encoding the GTPase atlastin interfere with vesicle trafficking in the ER/Golgi interface and Golgi morphogenesis.

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INSERM, U679, Paris F-75013, France.


Mutations in SPG3A causing autosomal dominant pure spastic paraplegia led to identification of atlastin, a new dynamin-like large GTPase. Atlastin is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi, neurites and growth cones and has been implicated in neurite outgrowth. To investigate whether it exerts its activity in the early secretory system, we expressed normal and mutant atlastin in cell culture. Pathogenic mutations in the GTPase domain interfered with the maturation of Golgi complexes by preventing the budding of vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas mutations in other regions of the protein disrupted fission of endoplasmic reticulum-derived vesicles or their migration to their Golgi target. Atlastin, therefore, plays a role in vesicle trafficking in the ER/Golgi interface. Furthermore, atlastin partially co-localized with proteins of the p24/emp/gp25L family that regulate vesicle budding and trafficking in the early secretory pathway, and co-immunoprecipitated p24, suggesting a functional relationship that should be further explored.

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