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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2007 Jun 15;462(2):195-201. Epub 2006 Dec 12.

Regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways by the plasma membrane Na+/H+ exchanger, NHE1.

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Department of Molecular Biology, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.


The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 MAPK, play a major role in the regulation of pivotal cellular processes such as cell death/survival balance, cell cycle progression, and cell migration. MAPK activity is regulated by a three-tiered phosphorelay system, which is in turn regulated by a complex network of signaling events and scaffolding proteins. The ubiquitous plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 is activated by, and implicated in, the physiological/pathophysiological responses to many of the same stimuli that modulate MAPK activity. While under some conditions, NHE1 is regulated by MAPKs, a number of studies have, conversely, implicated NHE1 in the regulation of MAPK activity. Here, we discuss the current evidence indicating the involvement of NHE1 in MAPK regulation, the mechanisms by which this may occur, and the possible physiological and pathophysiological relevance of this phenomenon.

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