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J Adolesc Health. 2007 Mar;40(3):276-9. Epub 2007 Jan 5.

Violence and substance use as risk factors for depressive symptoms among adolescents in an urban emergency department.

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1
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. abbyg@yorku.ca

Abstract

Violence and substance use were examined as multiple risk factors for depressive symptoms among 115 adolescents presenting to an urban emergency department. Using a hierarchical multivariate model, significant risk factors for increasing depression symptoms included female gender, increased involvement in substance use and greater exposure to community violence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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