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J Anxiety Disord. 2008;22(1):126-34. Epub 2007 Feb 3.

Validity of the CBCL/YSR DSM-IV scales Anxiety Problems and Affective Problems.

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Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam/Sophia Children's Hospital, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Dr. Molewaterplein 60/P.O. Box 2060, 3000 CB Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) are widely used for clinical and research purposes. Fairly recently, new 'DSM-IV scales' designated Anxiety Problems and Affective Problems were developed. Knowledge about the validity of these scales is needed.


In a referred sample of 277 6- to 18-year-olds, it was examined to what extent CBCL/YSR scores on the Anxiety Problems and Affective Problems scale predicted DSM-IV diagnoses of separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, major depressive disorder, or dysthymia. DSM-IV diagnoses were assessed with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children (ADIS-C/P).


Scores on the CBCL and YSR Anxiety Problems scale predicted DSM-IV disorders only moderately. However, CBCL and YSR scores on the Affective Problems scale corresponded closely to DSM-IV major depressive disorder and dysthymia.


Scores on the CBCL/YSR Affective Problems scale can be used to screen for DSM-IV affective disorders. The item content of the CBCL/YSR Anxiety Problems scale requires renewed attention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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