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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2007 Apr;33(4):591-600.

Interframe clutter filtering for high frequency flow imaging.

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  • 1Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada.


This study investigates 'interframe' clutter filtering with a high frequency (HF) flow imaging system with the objective of improving the performance of HF microvascular imaging at high frame rates. An interframe filter exploits the correlation of tissue signals on the time scale of the frame rate and is, therefore, insensitive to tissue spectral broadening induced by sweeping a single element transducer over a region of tissue. In vitro experiments were conducted in a tissue-mimicking flow phantom over a range of mean flow velocities (0.5 to 70.0 mm/s). Power Doppler (PD) imaging and color flow (CF) imaging were performed for both slow (0.25 fps) and fast (20 fps) scanning acquisitions. Flow data acquired at 20 fps and interframe filtered had similar velocity and mean Doppler power values as the 0.25 fps single-frame filtered data sets. In vivo validation experiments were conducted using a 500 microm blood vessel in a human finger and detected blood flow of 2 to 3 mm/s. Further in vivo experiments examining experimental murine tumors demonstrated the feasibility of performing HF PD and CF imaging at high frame rates using interframe filtering.

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