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J Chromatogr A. 2007 Apr 13;1147(1):30-6. Epub 2007 Feb 11.

Effects of column length, particle size, gradient length and flow rate on peak capacity of nano-scale liquid chromatography for peptide separations.

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Life Science R&D, Waters Corporation, 34 Maple Street, Milford, MA 01757, USA.


The effects of the column length, the particle size, the gradient length and the flow rate of a nanoLC system on peptide peak capacity were investigated and compared. Columns packed with 1.7 microm and 3 microm C(18) materials into pieces of 75 microm capillary tubing of various lengths were tested with different gradient lengths and flow rates. While increasing the length of a column packed with the 1.7 microm material helped improve peptide peak capacity at the whole range of the tested gradient lengths (24-432 min), little improvement in peak capacity was observed with the increase of the length of a column packed with the 3 microm material unless a gradient longer than 50 min was carried out. Up to 30% of peak capacity increase was observed when a column's length is doubled, with little reduction in the throughput. In most cases, more than 50% of the increase in peak capacity was obtained with the reduction in the particle size from 3 microm to 1.7 microm. With the same backpressure generated, a shorter 1.7-microm-particle column outperformed a longer column packed with the 3 microm material. In a flow rate range of 100-700 nl/min, increasing the flow rate improved peak capacity for columns packed with 1.7 microm and 3 microm materials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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