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Cancer Res. 1992 Feb 1;52(3):662-6.

The effect of dietary fat on the rapid development of mammary tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene in SENCAR mice.

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1
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Science Park Research Division, Smithville 78957.

Abstract

We recently reported (J. Leyton et al., Cancer Res., 51: 907-915, 1991) an inverse correlation between skin tumor number and level of dietary linoleic acid (LA) in SENCAR mice following an initiation-promotion protocol. These results differed from the reported (C. Ip et al., Cancer Res., 45: 1997-2001, 1985) positive correlation between dietary LA and tumor incidence for the rat mammary gland. The goal of the study reported here was to determine whether this dissimilarity was due to organ site or species differences. Female SENCAR mice were fed 1 of 3 15% fat diets containing LA at levels of 0.8, 4.5, and 8.4% before, during, and after intragastric administration of 6 mg (1 mg/week) 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene. A positive correlation between level of dietary LA and mammary tumor incidence was observed such that for the first 15 weeks, the incidence was greatest in the 8.4% LA diet group, followed by the 4.5% and then the 0.8% LA groups. Distinct dietary effects on latency were also noted in that 15, 12, and 8 weeks after cessation of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene were required for a 40% carcinoma incidence in the 0.8, 4.5, and 8.4% LA diet groups, respectively. A histopathological analysis of all tumors revealed that the predominant type was the adenosquamous carcinoma, which comprised 46.6, 54.1, and 77.7% of all mammary tumors for diets containing 0.8, 4.5, and 8.4% LA, respectively. The second most common tumor was the adenocarcinoma type B, which was found with a frequency of 33% in the 0.8% and 4.5% LA diet groups and 22% in the 8.4% LA diet group. These results indicate that SENCAR mice have a short latency period for 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary tumor development and that rat and mouse mammary tumor development is modified by dietary LA in a similar manner, although in the SENCAR mouse dietary LA did not have a saturating effect. In addition, high dietary LA was found to be associated specifically with an increased incidence of adenosquamous carcinomas but not of other types of mammary tumors.

PMID:
1732055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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