Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Feb;53(2):207-15; discussion 216.

Calcification of porcine valves: a successful new method of antimineralization.

Author information

1
Carlyle Fraser Heart Center, Crawford Long Hospital, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Abstract

Despite distinct advantages over mechanical cardiac valve prostheses, the use of bioprosthetic valves remains limited due to poor long-term durability, primarily as a result of tissue calcification. A novel anticalcification process, based on treatment of porcine bioprostheses with a derivative of oleic acid, has been developed by one of us (J.M.G.) (US Patent Number 4,976,733). This process employing 2-aminooleic acid (AOA) was tested in a juvenile sheep model. Terminal studies after a 20-week interval included hemodynamic, radiographic, morphologic, and quantitative tissue calcium analyses. All control valves (n = 4) had thickened, immobile, heavily calcified leaflets, whereas all AOA-treated valves (n = 8) were pliable and free of calcium deposits. Calculated valve orifice areas for controls (0.9 +/- 0.2 cm2) (mean +/- standard error of the mean) was less than for AOA-treated valves (2.0 +/- 0.3 cm2) (p less than 0.05). Radiographic calcification scores were greatly elevated in the control (25.5 +/- 5.6) versus AOA-treated valves (0.5 +/- 0.5) (p less than 0.002). In quantitative mineralization studies, the mean calcium content of the control leaflets was 129 +/- 21 milligrams per gram dry weight cusp tissue versus 7.7 +/- 5.8 mg/g for AOA-treated valves (p less than 0.001). Pathologic examination confirmed heavy calcification in the control leaflets, which was essentially absent in the AOA-treated leaflets. However, cuspal hematomas in areas of structural loosening and surface roughening were noted in AOA-treated valves. This anticalcification process dramatically reduced mineralization of porcine valve prostheses in this model.

PMID:
1731659
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center