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Cell Cycle. 2007 Feb 15;6(4):467-70. Epub 2007 Feb 12.

N-CoR pathway targeting induces glioblastoma derived cancer stem cell differentiation.

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  • 1Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR) is a critical regulator of neural stem cell differentiation. Nuclear localization of N-CoR is a feature of undifferentiated neural stem cells and cytoplasmic translocation of N-CoR leads to astrocytic differentiation. Comparative proteomic analysis of microdissected glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) specimens and matched normal glial tissue reveals increased expression of N-CoR in GBM. In GBM primary cell cultures, tumor cells with nuclear localization of N-CoR demonstrate an undifferentiated phenotype, but are subject to astroglial differentiation upon exposure to agents promoting phosphorylation of N-CoR and its subsequent translocation to the cytoplasm. Treatment of glioma cell lines with a combination of retinoic acid and low-dose okadaic acid decreases the corepressor effect of N-CoR and has a striking synergistic effect on growth inhibition. The identification of N-CoR in GBM provides insights into the tumorigenesis process and supports the development of differentiation-based therapeutic strategies.

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