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J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Mar 21;55(6):2176-81. Epub 2007 Feb 21.

Comparison of major and trace element concentrations in 16 varieties of Cuban mango stem bark (Mangifera indica L.).

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Center of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 200 & 21 st, Atabey, CP 11600 Havana, Apdo. 16042, Havana, Cuba.


An aqueous decoction of mango (Mangifera indica L.) stem bark (MSB) has been developed in Cuba on an industrial scale to be used as a nutritional supplement, cosmetic, and phytomedicine, with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immunomodulatory properties. The concentration of major and trace elements was determined for 16 varieties of MSB belonging to two cultivars and grown in Cuba in the same soil (red ferralytic). Plants were classified into two groups, according to the tree age (12 and 26 year olds) and were analyzed for As, Ca, Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, Mg, Pb, Se, and Zn content by means of ICP-AES technique. Experimental data were processed by ANOVA and principal component analysis in terms of elements, variety, and plant age, to choose the most adequate varieties for industrial purposes.

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