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Lab Invest. 2007 Apr;87(4):372-82. Epub 2007 Feb 19.

IkappaBalpha independent induction of NF-kappaB and its inhibition by DHMEQ in Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells.

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Department of Hematology, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Kitasato, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.


Constitutive nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation characterizes Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells. Blocking constitutive NF-kappaB has been shown to be a potential strategy to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Here, for the first time we show that although constitutive NF-kappaB level of H-RS cell lines is very high, topoisomerase inhibitors further enhance NF-kappaB activation through IkappaB kinase activation in not only H-RS cell lines with wild-type IkappaBalpha, but also in those with IkappaBalpha mutations and lacking wild-type IkappaBalpha. Thus, both constitutive and inducible NF-kappaB are potential targets to treat HL. We also present the data that indicate the involvement of IkappaBbeta in NF-kappaB induction by topoisomerase inhibitors. A new NF-kappaB inhibitor, dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ) inhibited constitutive NF-kappaB activity and induced apoptosis of H-RS cell lines. DHMEQ also inhibited the growth of H-RS cells without significant systemic toxicity in a NOD/SCID/gammac(null) (NOG) mice model. DHMEQ and topoisomerase inhibitors revealed enhancement of apoptosis of H-RS cells by blocking inducible NF-kappaB. Results of this study suggest that both constitutive and inducible NF-kappaB are molecular targets of DHMEQ in the treatment of HL. The results also indicate that IkappaBbeta is involved in NF-kappaB activation in H-RS cells and IkappaBbeta substitutes for IkappaBalpha in H-RS cells lacking wild-type IkappaBalpha.

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