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Opt Lett. 2007 Mar 15;32(6):680-2.

Ultrafast opto-terahertz photonic crystal modulator.

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  • 1Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague.


We present an agile optically controlled switch or modulator of terahertz (THz) radiation. The element is based on a one-dimensional photonic crystal with a GaAs wafer inserted in the middle as a defect layer. The THz electric field is enhanced in the photonic structure at the surfaces of the GaAs wafer. Excitation of the front GaAs surface by ultrashort 810 nm laser pulses then leads to an efficient modulation of the THz beam even at low photocarrier concentrations (approximately 10(16) cm(-3)). The response time of the element to pulsed photoexcitation is about 130 ps.

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