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J Pediatr. 2007 Mar;150(3):224-8.

Car seat or car bed for very low birth weight infants at discharge home.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. walid.salhab@UTsouthwestern.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the incidence of apnea, bradycardia, or desaturation in a car seat with that in a car bed for preterm very low birth weight (< or = 1500 g) infants.

STUDY DESIGN:

Infants were studied for 120 minutes in a car seat and in a car bed. Apnea (> 20 seconds), bradycardia (heart rate < 80/min for > 5 seconds), desaturation (SpO2 < 88% for > 10 seconds), and absent nasal flow were monitored.

RESULTS:

We assessed 151 infants (median birth weight, 1120 g [range, 437 to 3105]; median birth gestational age, 29 weeks [24 to 34]) in both devices. Twenty-three infants (15%) had > or = 1 event in the car seat compared with 29 (19%) in the car bed (P = .4). Time to first event was similar in the car seat and car bed (mean, 54 to 55 minutes). In logistic regression analyses, bronchopulmonary dysplasia was a significant predictor for a car seat event and a lower gestational age at birth was a risk factor for a car bed event.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found no evidence that an event is less likely in a car bed than in a car seat. Whichever device is used, very low birth weight infants require observation during travel.

PMID:
17307533
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2006.10.068
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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