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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 May;1768(5):1083-92. Epub 2007 Jan 3.

Cellular and molecular effects of unoprostone as a BK channel activator.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, PO Box 670576, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0576, USA.


Effects of unoprostone isopropyl (unoprostone), a prostaglandin metabolite analog; latanoprost, a PGF(2alpha) analog; and PGF(2alpha) were examined in HCN-1A cells, a model system for studies of large conductance Ca(2+) activated K(+)(BK) channel activator-based neuroprotective agents. Unoprostone and latanoprost, both used as anti-glaucoma agents, have been suggested to act through FP receptors and have neuroprotective effects. Ion channel activation, plasma membrane polarization, [Ca(2+)](i) changes and protection against long-term irreversible glutamate-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increases were studied. Unoprostone activated iberiotoxin (IbTX)-sensitive BK channels in HCN-1A cells with an EC(50) of 0.6+/-0.2 nM and had no effect on Cl(-) currents. Unoprostone caused IbTX-sensitive plasma membrane hyperpolarization that was insensitive to AL8810, an FP receptor antagonist. In contrast, latanoprost and PGF(2alpha) activated a Cl(-) current sensitive to [Ca(2+)](i) chelation, tamoxifen and AL8810, and caused IbTX-insensitive, AL8810-sensitive membrane depolarization consistent with FP receptor-mediated Ca(2+) signaling Cl(-) current activation. Latanoprost and PGF(2alpha), but not unoprostone, increased [Ca(2+)](i). Unoprostone, PGF(2alpha) only partially, but not latanoprost protected HCN-1A cells against glutamate-induced Ca(2+) deregulation. These findings show that unoprostone has a distinctly different mechanism of action from latanoprost and PGF(2alpha). Whether unoprostone affects the BK channel directly or an unidentified signaling mechanism has not been determined.

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