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Hum Pathol. 2007 Apr;38(4):564-9. Epub 2007 Feb 15.

Loss of claudins-1 and -7 and expression of claudins-3 and -4 correlate with prognostic variables in prostatic adenocarcinomas.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY 12208, USA.


Claudins, members of a large family of adherent junction proteins, regulate the integrity and function of tight junctions and influence tumorigenesis. Recent studies have shown that altered levels of the different claudins may be related to invasion and progression of carcinoma cells in several primary neoplasms. However, there is no reported study documenting the pattern of claudin expression in prostatic adenocarcinomas (PACs). Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections from 141 PACs were immunostained by manual and automated methods on the Xmatrx (BioGenex, San Ramon, CA) using antihuman claudin-1, -3, -4, -5, and -7 antibodies (Zymed, San Francisco, CA). Membranous immunoreactivity for each protein was semiquantitatively scored in both the tumor and adjacent benign epithelium in each case. Results were correlated with clinicopathologic variables. Variable membranous positivity was noted in the adjacent benign glands for all 5 proteins in all cases. PACs showed variable membranous positivity ranging from decreased, similar to, and increased in relation to the adjacent benign epithelium for all claudins. Decreased expression of claudin-1 correlated with high tumor grade (P = .001) and biochemical disease recurrence (P = .01), whereas decreased claudin-7 correlated with high tumor grade (P < .0001). In contrast, expression of claudin-3 correlated with advanced stage tumors (P = .03) and recurrence (P = .02), and expression of claudin-4 correlated with advanced stage (P = .02). On multivariate analysis, advanced stage (P = .026) and decreased claudin-1 protein expression (P = .005) independently predicted disease recurrence. Immunohistochemical expression and prognostic significance of claudins are variable in PACs, with decreased expression of claudin-1 emerging as an independent prognostic variable warranting further study.

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