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Med Princ Pract. 2007;16(2):137-41.

Increased levels of nitric oxide, cortisol and adrenomedullin in patients with chronic schizophrenia.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey. nyilmaz@gantep.edu.tr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the levels of serum cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), nitric oxide (NO) and adrenomedullin (AM) in schizophrenic patients.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Sixty-six male patients with chronic schizophrenia and 28 normal male subjects participated in this study. The duration of disease was 145 +/- 120 (mean +/- SD) months. Serum levels of cortisol and DHEA-S were measured by electrochemiluminescence; plasma nitrite levels as an index of NO were measured with the Griess reaction, while plasma AM concentration was measured by using high-performance liquid chromatography.

RESULTS:

Patients (12.48 +/- 3.2 microg/dl), as compared to controls (10.31 +/- 3.1 microg/dl), had higher levels of baseline cortisol (p < 0.05). DHEA-S levels were lower in patients though this did not reach statistical significance (302 +/- 156 microg/dl compared to control, 322 +/- 96 microg/dl, p > 0.05). The mean levels of plasma AM and NO in the schizophrenic group (44.33 +/- 5.07 pmol/l and 36.27 +/- 17.6 micromol/l) were significantly higher than the levels in the control group (14.56 +/- 4.03 pmol/l and 32.54 +/- 7.14 micromol/l; p < 0.001, p < 0.03, respectively). There was a positive association between duration of disease and cortisol/DHEA-S ratio and cortisol level.

CONCLUSION:

The data show that schizophrenia is associated with abnormal levels of cortisol, DHEA-S, NO and AM.

PMID:
17303950
DOI:
10.1159/000098367
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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