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Fertil Steril. 1992 Jan;57(1):113-21.

The effects of gender-specific diagnosis on men's and women's response to infertility.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, University of California, San Francisco 04143-0612.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if differences could be distinguished between men's and women's emotional response to infertility based on the assignment of a gender-specific diagnosis.

DESIGN:

Gender-specific diagnoses were examined in relation to stigma, perception of loss, role failure, and self-esteem, using structured interviews.

SETTING:

Tertiary clinical care in private practice settings.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-six self-selected volunteer couples undergoing infertility treatment.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Stigma, perception of loss, role failure, and lowered self-esteem emerged from content analysis of structured interview data.

RESULTS:

No differences were found among women in their emotional response to infertility regardless of whether a female or male infertility factor was present, whereas men with a male factor experienced more negative emotional response to infertility than men without a male factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although both women and men are affected by infertility, their emotional response is significantly influenced by a gender-specific diagnosis. Men's response to infertility closely approximates that of women if the infertility has been attributed to a male factor but differs considerably if a male factor is not found.

PMID:
1730303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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