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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007 May;58(1):67-70. Epub 2007 Feb 14.

Genotyping of Helicobacter pylori strains from gastric biopsies by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. How advantageous is it?

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Department of Biology/Microbiology Unit, Faculty of Science and Literature, Fatih University, B.cekmece, 34500 Istanbul, Turkey.


Recent application of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for genotyping Helicobacter pylori direct from biopsies revealed variable results (detection of amplicons from DNA extracted by boiling biopsies, variable size amplicons and deletions, uniform intensity of amplicon bands). We aimed to look at how applicable the technique is for determining cagA and vacA genotypes and to correlate the results with the severity of the disease. H. pylori strains from 52 patients (35 duodenal ulcers [DUs], 7 gastric ulcers [GUs], 10 gastritis) were included. Three antral biopsies were obtained for Campylobacter-like organism (CLO) and PCR. Primers for cagA, vacA s1s2, and m1m2 alleles were used. No PCR amplicons were detected from boiling biopsies; thus, DNA was extracted by QIAamp kit. H. pylori was positive in 84.6% of the patients (85.7% DU, 100% GU, and 70% gastritis). The cagA gene was detected in 86.6% DU, 71.4% GU, and 57.0% gastritis patients. The vacA allelic distribution among cagA-positive strains was 80.7% s1m1 in DU and 60.0% in GU patients, whereas 75.0% of gastritis had s1m2. No variability in the amplicon sizes was found, and the intensity of the amplicon bands was not uniform. A deleted band of approximately 420 bp below the m1 band was detected in strains from 2 DU and 1 GU patients. Although the multiplex PCR is a rapid and an effective tool for detecting several genes in a single-step system, one has to adjust for optimization of the technique when genotyping H. pylori direct from biopsies. A significant association was found between the cagA-positive vacA-s1m1 genotype and peptic ulcers.

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